Water scarcity and droughts have direct impacts on the citizens and economic sectors that use and depend on water, such as agriculture, tourism, industry, energy and transport. Water scarcity and droughts also have broader impacts on natural resources at large such as through biodiversity, water quality, increased risks of forest fires and soil impoverishment.
Drought management is currently reactive, dealing mainly with losses and damages. Cooperation among key actors is missing, and formal legislation mostly does not exist. In 2013, at the High-Level Meeting on Drought Policies, the Global Water Partnership (GWP) and WMO launched a joint Integrated Drought Management Programme (IDMP). Its main mission is to move from reactive to proactive drought management, focusing on drought prevention, mitigation, vulnerability reduction, planning and preparedness. Shortly after, in February 2013, the GWP Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) office launched a regional implementation of the IDMP.
The main achievements of the IDMP CEE first phase (2015–2017) and direction of the second phase (2017–2019) can be found in WMO bulletin.